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ABSTRACT

This research presents the investigation of leadership, justice and the abuse of power in Nigeria. Abuja metropolis was used as the location for the study and a total of 100 people was sampled. Data was gathered using a self -constructed questionnaire and the result gotten was analyzed using the simple percentage method.  The validity and reliability of instrument were ascertained. The result of the study revealed that bad leadership is the problem and major constranit to the development of Nigeria, despite that level of resources in Nigeria, she is still one of the developing nations in the world due to poor administartion and corruption that has eaten up the political leaders, therefor this study recommends that Solid Organizations are without a doubt thought to be the overseers of the societal qualities by setting limits on individuals' conduct (paying little heed to status or class). Be that as it may, where organizations are frail and degenerate as clear in Nigeria, individuals, particularly the 'power idiots' tend to substitute the qualities and objectives of the bigger society with individual qualities and goal, along these lines seeking after financial enthusiasm to the detriment of prominent will. Along these lines, reinforcing enabling our foundations to their full limit ends up basic. These organizations must be established and their activities are guided by the standards of the control of law.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Everywhere throughout the countries of the world, particularly in the developed nations, successful administration and usage of accessible assets to better the living state of the general population have been the preoccupation of the government. They guarantee that rare assets i.e. human and material assets are viable and reasonably stirred, used and supported to guarantee the improvement of their zones. Be that as it may, this has not been the situation in most creating nations including Nigeria. Any individual who watches the present pattern in Nigeria will perplex at the logical inconsistency between the abundance of the country, and the living states of most Nigerians (Asaju and Akume, 2012: 45)

The rate of poverty was thought to be in excess of 70 percent, the unemployment rate is additionally high and the living state of the masses has kept on falling apart further. One will have a tendency to make such a significant number of inquiries on what could be in charge of this anomalous circumstance, (Neediness amidst bounty). It is, in reality, a bewildering circumstance. The perplexity is that, notwithstanding the normal blessings and plentiful HR in Nigeria, and after more than 53 years of independence, it has accomplished just practically nothing. Specialists uncover that nation like Belgium and Singapore that have next to zero assets contrasted with Nigeria, yet their Gross domestic product is more than the aggregate Gross domestic product of the whole African landmass. To put it plainly, Malaysia and even South Africa who have yet few of what Nigeria has, have more grounded Gross domestic product. There has been that accord supposition or assertion among researchers, experts, and spectators that the significant explanation behind Nigeria's present bind is the absence of good and deliberate leadership at the steerages of issues in the nation (Asaju and Akume, 2012: 45). They contended that the absence of good leadership appropriate from autonomy has been the worst thing about our underdevelopment. In this vein, Babalola (2010), dictums that leadership deficit is the root of the paradox of poverty in the midst of plenty. He argued that

“When you see a poor country, look out for the form of governance there then you will observe leadership challenges”.

Similarly, former President Olusegun Obasanjo was among those who believed that leadership deficit in Nigeria had robbed it of meaningful development and has become a clog on the nation’s wheel of progress.

Obasanjo posits that

“We have so many Nigerians, but there are not many good leaders in Nigeria”

(Alechenu, 2013 from political leadership to traditional, commerce to education and down to the family level, the ideal form of leadership is nowhere to be found. History has shown that no nation in the wide world grew and enjoyed steady development in almost all spheres of its national life without experiencing good and selfless political leadership (Ogbeidi, 2012). This is mainly because qualitative growth and development has constantly been a product of good governance.  Chinua Achebe, in 1984 characterized the underlying issues to awful administration in Nigeria.

Achebe contends that,

”The issue with Nigeria is essentially and decisively a disappointment of administration. There is nothing wrong with the Nigerian land, atmosphere, water, air, or whatever else. The Nigerian issue is the unwillingness or powerlessness of its leaders to ascend to their duty”. (Achebe, 1984: 1).

Surviving writing demonstrates that Nigeria is full of poor administration, corruption, and feeble bureaucratic organizations. What has been normal throughout the years in our administration is the election of confused, parochial, attitudinally deprived and unsuitable leaders, which prompted the exit of committed, skilled civil servants and gave motivating forces to corruption (Ogbu, 2013). Skillful and ethically upright initiative induces solid bureaucratic establishments. The achievement or disappointment of the general public depends to a great extent on the disposition and competency of its administration. Current open deliberations lay on the conclusion that Nigerian leadership experiences outrageous good corruption and attitudinal depravity (Agbor, 2011; Agbor, 2012; Ezirim, 2010; Ebegbulem, 2009; Ogbunwezeh 2007). Incapable leadership and corruption have affected contrarily on Nigeria's popularity based strength and her financial improvement (Ebegbulem, 2012). The majority of Nigerian elected office holders are product of political corruption, they got their party tickets through political godfathers and mandate through election rigging. Corruption is used to acquire and sustain political mandate in Nigeria, leading to grievous consequences of mass poverty, unemployment and insecurity. Subsequently, trying to proffer answer for the issue of poor leadership in Nigeria, Agomuo (2013) draws attention to what he called proper preparation to certain political offices, having identified lack of preparation in all ramifications (i.e. acquisition of requisite knowledge, selfless service, energy and passion, and values) as a major challenge of good leadership and governance in Nigeria. This suggestion isn’t strange because, ‘proper preparation’, they say, ‘prevents poor performance’ (PPPPP). Asaju (2012: 45) strongly advocates for a Value Re-orientation as the only means of overcoming the leadership challenges in Nigeria. He asserts that due to the high rate of moral decadence in the society, moral values have been eroded at the family and community level. These values include among others, honesty, meritocracy, communalism, selflessness, chastity, trust, and good name, among others.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

The level of advancement in any country around the globe is dictated by the quality and caring nature of its leaders. Nonetheless, when there is a culture of impunity in any general public and there is an extension of lack of leadership by example to enthrone straightforward and subjective public bureaucracy, a decreasing indications of underdevelopment keeps on showing as exemplified in Nigeria Public Administration. The appearance of side effects of underdevelopment does not infer Nigeria needs quality and skilled HR to incite improvement, however the way toward enthroning leaders is bedeviled with citizens’ lust for money and material gratification, greed, religious and tribal sentiments and it doesn't give space to ethically upright, able, visionary leaders to rise. Imhonopi and Ugochukwu, (2013) aptly capture Nigeria circumstance along these lines: Nigeria is luxuriously blessed by Fortune with human and material assets basic for national improvement and headway. However, since gaining political independence, Nigeria has continued to meander the path befitting failed, weak and “juvenile” states. A state that had very great prospects at independence and was touted to lead Africa out of the backwoods of underdevelopment and economic dependency, Nigeria is still stuck in the league of very poor, corrupt, underdeveloped, infrastructural decaying, crisis- riven, morally bankrupt and leadership-deficient countries. Rather than become an exemplar for transformational leadership, modern bureaucracy, national development, national integration and innovation, Nigeria seems to be infamous for whatever is mediocre, corrupt, insanely violent and morally untoward.

1.3     Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to investigate into the level of leadership, justice and the abuse of power and how they have affected the economic development in Nigeria, specifically the study intends to:

1.     Find out who a leader is

2.     Investigate leadership roles and responsibilities

3.     Ascertain the justice system in Nigeria

4.     The abuse of power in Nigeria

1.4     Research Question

1.     What quality traits should a leader have?

2.     What are their contributions to national development?

3.     Is the justice system truly independent, effective and fair?

4.     What is the effect of abuse of power in Nigeria?

1.5     Significance of the Study

Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the World, and the 10th largest oil exporting countries in the World (Mundi index 2013), yet more than 84.5% percent of the populations live below $2 per day (World Bank 2008). This is the fundamental reason why the researcher deemed it pertinent to examine the architect of these problems and proffer solutions to it. The researcher believes that the conduction of the study would provide valuable information that could be used by policymakers, Academia, Economists, civil societies, NGOs and many more in making sure that the issue of bad leadership, injustice and the abuse of power in Nigeria rate is reduced drastically to the barest minimum and usher in vibrant development in the area of provision of social amenities that would bring about a high standard of living. The study is meant to find out why corruption, mismanagement and bad leadership has become the order of the day in the African continent in general and Nigeria in particular.

And finally, this research will serve as a reference point for another researcher who will embark on the same research.

1.6     Scope of the Study

The study will investigate the root causes of bad leadership, failure in the justice system and abuse of power in Nigeria. The main cause of corruption, the influence of bad leadership and there effects on the National development and economic growth of Nigeria since independent and finally the research will proffer some real-life solution to the problems of corruption and bad leadership system in Nigeria.

1.7     Methodology

Secondary and primary sources of gathering data will be largely employed for this study. This research will be based on content analysis, which involves critical review of related materials, literature, journals, magazines, and textbooks, it will also involve sourcing or browsing the net for materials. Communication with authorities in the field will also not be overlooked, questionnaire will also be used to gather people’s opinion while simple percentage will be used to analyze the data gotten.

1.8     Delimitation of the Study

The issue of finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Inability to gather most recent academic materials will be a major limitation of this study. However, it is believed that these constraints will be worked on by making the best use of the available materials and spending more than the necessary time in the research work. Therefore, it is strongly hoped that despite this constraint, its effect on this research report will be minimal, thus, making the objective and significance of the study achievable.

1.9     Definition of Terms

Leader: the person who leads or commands a group, organization, or country.

Leadership: the action of leading a group of people or an organization, or the ability to do this.

Justice: the administration of the law or leadership in maintaining this.

Corruption: dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery


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