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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of Human motivation and Workers productivity of employees with the Beta Glass Factory PLC, Ughelli, Delta State of Nigeria. The main idea was to profile factors that contribute majorly to human motivation in relation to workers productivity. The rationale for the study was simply an observation that some employees seems better adjusted and happy at work and able to adapt well with the requirements of the working environment while some do not. Another observation is that management seems not to be aware or deliberately sidelined those things that motivate their subordinates and to strategically utilize these motivation instrument, to maintain high level of commitment, performance and productivity. The target sample was all employees in the various departments / units of Beta Glass Factory Plc, Ughelli

The profile of the respondents included a variety of ages, gender, races, educational backgrounds, different work locations, different marital statuses, senior and junior employees. Data was collected using questionnaire that was randomly distributed at the company’s work environment. The major findings of this investigation was that reward caused 65.5% motivation. Reward, recognition and adequate training causes 83.3% motivation while satisfaction, caused 100% motivation These results reflect the work attitudes of employees at the time of this research 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0  BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH PROBLEM:

      The theories of motivation constitute one of the streams of the plethora of management theories that explain the behavior of employees at work

      This is because what motivates one person is quite different from what motivates others.

The importance of motivation in the success of any organization in terms of the attainment of set organizational goal, be it in the area of productivity, profit margin, market share, efficiency, customer satisfaction, value of stock etc is universally acknowledged in the business world. Hence motivation has became “one of the most frequently researched topics in organizational behaviour (OB)” as Robbins  (2005: 107) observed. The situation, Robbins noted is due to the discovery that 55% of workers in the United State “have no enthusiasm for their work”.

Nevertheless, the application of the emergent motivation theories and their impact on the success of business organization has been a subject of immense debate amongst management science scholars. This not withstanding, the truism that an organization can only be as productively successful as its work force is correspondingly motivating other variables in the production process such as technology, quality of workers, environment being equally recognized, becomes very important with respect to the case under study – Beta Glass Plc Ughelli, Delta State.

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

It was observed that some workers are not happy with their work. Furthermore, there are many and varied reasons why management are continually under distress in organization. Resources, human and material, technology are but a few issues confronting managers daily. More importantly, the human aspect has questions that have perplexed and fascinated managers for a long time. These questions include but not limited to:

•      What makes some employees perform better than others

•      What makes some employees seem better satisfied in their jobs than other

•      How can we improve the motivation and overall productivity of employees

These are indeed teething questions and constraints that plague managers daily

It is a fact that the level of employee motivation affects morale, performance and overall production

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

It is a common postulation that the productivity of workers is in no small measure associated with the nature and extent of the motivation programmes developed and implemented for the benefit of the workers by the organization. A motivated worker is therefore more likely to evolve and demonstrate the highest level of commitment, dedication to duty and organizational loyalty into the work process. Therefore, in investigating the impact of the application of the theories of motivation on the productivity of worker with Beta Glass Plc Ughelli as case study, the study seeks to achieve the underlisted objectives.

i. Examine the concept of motivation ii. Review the theories of motivation iii. Examine the impact of application of programmes of motivation on the productivity of workers, particularly in the areas of initiative and commitment, productivity and contribution of conditional effort.

1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY:

The study seeks to investigate the impact of the application of the theories of motivation on workers productivity in business organization. The particular focus of the study is Beta Glass Plc Ughelli. Effort shall be made to clarify the concept of motivation, examination of the relationship between motivation and initiative and commitment of workers productivity, attendance and level at which workers willingly put in extra effort in the production process.

1.4  HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY:

In order to achieve the set objectives of the study which is on the impact of the application of the theories of motivation and the productivity of workers in Beta Glass Plc Ughelli, the following hypothesis shall be tested to provide empirical basic for the conclusion to be to be adopted.

HYPOTHESIS 

Ho: There is no significant relationship between motivation and employee productivity in Beta Glass Plc.

Hi: There is significant relationship between motivation and employee productivity in Beta Glass Plc.

Ho: There is no significant relationship between employee motivation and organization performance in Beta Glass Plc.

Hi: There is significant relationship between employee motivation and organizational performance in Beta Glass Plc

Ho: There is no significant relationship between motivational and employee job satisfaction in Beta Glass Plc.

Hi:  There is significant relationship between motivation and job satisfaction in Beta Glass Plc.

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:

Management science literature is replete with several theories of motivation. However, most of the theories were developed in different social – economic and cultural environment of industrial Europe and America.

Several of these theories are yet to be tested in Africa and Nigeria environment. Therefore, there is the need to conduct a related study with these theoretical postulations in the Nigeria environment, specifically, this study will bridge the knowledge gap which is created as result of the environmental difference in the sources of the theories of motivation and the location where these theories are practiced.

The study will also provide invaluable data by decision makers and industrial relations practitioners on the impact of application of the theories of motivation and workers productivity.

1.6 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY:

The study of the impact of the application of motivation theories on the productivity in Beta Glass Plc Ughelli is limited by certain factors outside the control of the researchers.

First, is the environment of the case study Beta Glass Plc Ughelli, which made data collection difficult due to stringent control placed on workers over the dissemination of information. This severally affected the state of questionnaire returns. Secondly, it has to be appreciated that several factors interact to influence the workers productivity, motivation being only one of them. Some other factors are the personality of the individual workers, the cultural environment and the value system, industrial laws and industrial relations practice.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS:

1.  MOTIVATION: Motivation is that which causes an individual to change his or her behaviour in a directed end. Motivation could equally be define as that which causes an individual to forget his or her interest and to pursue the interest of an organization.

2.  PRODUCTIVITY:  Measure of how well an operation system function and an indicator of the efficiency and competitiveness of a single firm or department.

3.  IMPACT: The impression made by a person, thing or idea

4.  THEORY: An organized body of ideas as to the truth of something, usually derived from the study of a number of facts relating to it, but sometimes entirely a result of exercising the speculating imagination. Knowledge of science or art derived from such study and speculation. A general body of assumptions and principles.

5.  APPLICATION:  The act of applying. A turning to practical use.


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