PROJECT TOPIC: THE THEME OF POLYGAMY IN THE ANALYSIS OF KOBAT ESOSA’S EKUASE
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This study intends to find out the theme of polygamy in the analysis of Kobat Esosa’s ‘EKUASE’. Polygamy has been a traditional practice in Nigeria long before the colonialist and missionaries came in. And there are several reasons why it is practiced in Nigeria. Polygamy spread because it is permitted under Islamic law to marry up to four wives as long as you can love them equally and meet out the same kind of treatment to all of them. This project employs a qualitative research methodology, which entails a subject textual and literary analysis with special focus on the theme of polygamy in Kobat Esosa’s ‘EKUASE’. The study finds out that religious belief, power, prestige/wealth, status, love, male child syndrome often lead to having more than a spouse. This study gave a recommendation like parents should create room for mutual agreement and understanding in order to enhance lifelong matrimonial home. Youth must be sensitized and counselled before making their choice and taking any decision on marital issues. CHAPTER ONE
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Polygamy has been a traditional practice in Nigeria long before the colonialist and missionaries came in. There are several reasons why it is practiced in Nigeria from the religious standpoint, the Muslim dominated Northern part of Nigeria as a high polygamy spread because it is permitted under Islamic law to marry up to four wives as long as you can love them equally and meet out the same kind of treatment to all of them. There is also the war theory, only men fought wars in the past and many of them died in these wars, living fewer men to a lot of women.
In some Nigeria tradition, the size of a man’s family signified the size of his wealth. Therefore marring many wives equalled led to having more children, and more farmlands. A larger farm and a lot of farm lands equalled bigger barns and a wealthier man.
Jeffs Warren (2005), stated that polygamous marriage was permitted in most part of the world at one time, but there has been a move away from the practice which was due to the effect on the academic performances of the children from such polygamous home. Olugbuiyi and Adediran (2010), observed that a polygamous marriage is common in Africa indigenous Society.
Philip Kubribe (2002), stated that in many of the Asian, Middle Eastern and African countries still permits polygamous system of marriage. The rules governing the practice have been made more Stringent and actually polygamous marriage and the exception rather than to rule. In Islamic countries, only wealthier men were able to comply with the Koran requirement that a man should take more than one wife if he would be able to afford each of them and their children equal protection. In the 18th century, polygamy is thought to be a solution when traditions call for a longer period of abstinence from sexual relations during breast feeding and also where women still have to bare the burden of work in the compound and field. Then polygamy is often regarded as help. Polygamy represent expanded family structures that are based on marriage involving a husband with two or more wives. Interestingly, polygamy is legal and widely practiced in 850 societies across the globe.
In the last two decades, polygamy has been the focus of a significant growth in public, political and academic awareness.
This system of marriage is reflected in the play text “EKUASE” by Kobat Esosa. The form of polygamous marriage being practiced in the play text “EKUASE” was polygamy in which the hero in the play, in person of Ekuase got married to four wives and he was famous, rich, influential, a timber trader, he have enough to feed four wives and numerous children. A polygamist he was, he loved because he saw others loved but his fourth wife Ovbiebo he over loved, jealous cripped into by the other wives, Efosa his younger brother betrayed his brother Ekuase which led to his death and Ovbiebo’s death.
In Nigeria society, polygamy is legal especially the Muslim, the Oba and some rich men and they believe in it because they are cap[able of taking care of the wives and their children.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It can be argued that many factors are responsible for polygamy in Nigeria society. Some of these factors as it is been reflected in Kobat Esosa’s ‘EKUASE’ are:
POWER: According to the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, power is been defined as the ability to control people or things. This definition can be related to what the hero in the play text ‘EKUASE’ by Kobat Esosa who has the power, strength and the ability to marry four wives, he had enough to feed the four wives and numerous children. And yet he still has the power and the strength to work and control his wives children and his workers.
LOVE: This can be defined as a strong feeling or deep affection for someone or something. The hero in the play text ‘EKUASE’ by Kobat Esosa in person of Ekuase loved his wives but he over loved his fourth wife (Ovbiebo) more than the other wives as this made jealousy to cripped in by his other wives.
WEALTH: A large amount of money property that a person owns. Ekuase has the money (he was rich), he has enough to feed his wives and children and at the same time he has his business which made him to be wealthy.
STATUS: The legal position a person. Ekuase is a timber trader (businessman) and hard working as this made him to marry four wives.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this project work is to examine the influence of polygamy in Nigeria society as it is been reflected in Kobat Esosa’s ‘EKUASE’ and at the same time to guide the youths, student, young ones and the future generation on the type of family to adopt.
Polygamy has effect on academic and future endeavour of the youth and the students. In African setting, where polygamy is most practiced, there is no unity among the children (of different mother but the same father) there is dichotomy in the family.
The wives here use diabolic ways to block the success of the children of other wives, this make the children to sometimes run away from home to prevent bad occurrence to befall them. Also, in most home, husband dies untimely death because they develop psychological diseases that can cut their life short. So also, in a polygamous family, there is high tendency of having very many children because there is competition of having more children among wives which can lead to having many children which they cannot cater for.
So, in a succinct manner there will be no agreement to how many children to have (there will be nothing like family planning in a polygamous family).
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purposes of this study are as follow:
To examine how power influences polygamy in Nigeria society as it has been reflected in Kobat Esosa’s EKUASE.
To examine the place of love in polygamy as it is been reflected in ‘EKUASE’ by Kobat Esosa.
To examine how wealth/affluent influences polygamy as it been reflected in ‘EKUASE’ by Kobat Esosa
1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The researcher intends to make use of qualitative research methodology which is based on textual analysis, library consultation, documented materials from the internet and the view of recorded stage performance by the students of Department of Theatre Arts, F.C.E, Abeokuta.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is carried out to look into the theme of polygamy in the analysis of Kobat Esosa’s ‘EKUASE’.
1.7 LIMITAION OF THE STUDY.
In the process of accomplishing this research work, the researcher came across a lot of barrier, like when asking people questions relevant to the study, their responses was below expectation. This is simply because the researcher made use of interview from experienced polygamist.
Also, to get to the local person who has its experience was not easy; they don’t like to tell the researcher the truth. This is because of their local believe.
Also the researcher was faced with the financial hardship this was because, going to the library in other institution, browsing the relevant topics from the internet, going to where local people that practices this polygamist life requires a lot of money.
Despite all this limitations in the process of gathering material for primary and secondary data, there was huge success.
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myProject.ng (2022), . The theme of polygamy in the analysis of kobat esosa’s ekuase [Online] myProject.ng (2022). Available at: https://myproject.ng/english-language/the-theme-of-polygamy-in-the-analysis-of-kobat-esosas-ekuase/index.html . ( Accessed 29, November, 2022 ).