PROJECT TOPIC: BUSINESS EDUCATION AS A VERITABLE TOOL FOR REDUCING UNEMPLOYMENT
Business education is a program of study and an aspect of vocational education program offered in both secondary and tertiary institutions of learning in Nigeria. This program is designed to equip the recipients with both academic and vocational skills needed for both salaried and self employment as entrepreneurs. Unfortunately and ignorantly too, this course is being looked down on by students, parents and society in general, just like every other vocational education program. Students neglect Business education programme and are disenchanted about opting for it, especially at the tertiary institution level. Equally, parents believe that Business education is a course for dullards or for someone else’s child. They seldom encourage their children or wards to study it. The main aim of this piece of work is to highlight the meaning and objectives of Business education program and its importance to its recipients. It also X-rays how Business education equips students for employment. It recommends among other things for a change of the general public’s attitude towards the course since it has capacity to reverse the unemployment challenge of Nigeria. It was concluded that parents should encourage their children and wards to study Business education if they are interested in it, because it will enable them to be job creators rather than job seekers.
Key words: Business education and unemployment.
Business education is important for everybody. The present economic condition coupled with the high rate of unemployment in the country has greatly justified the existence of Business education in the curriculum of secondary and tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Before now, there has been increasing emphasis on discipline areas like Mathematics, English, and Science as the only important subjects in the curriculum, while there was corresponding de-emphasis on subjects like Business education and other vocational courses which were thought to be ‘frills’ Robert (1983 ) in Odike,( 2015).
The attitude of society and parents towards Business education discourages students who would like to study the course in higher institutions from doing so ( Ayub 2016). He noted that most parents still choose the academic stream rather than technical and vocational training. Parents see Business education as a course for someone else’s child while they nudge their own children towards other supposedly lucrative areas such as Medicine, Engineering, Nursing, law and so on. Okocha (2010) in his own study discovered that in spite of the fact that parents recognize the employment value inherent in vocational education (which Business education is an aspect of) they still prepared to accept the superiority of socially prestigious and white color professionals over technical related occupations.
Okoye (2005) in his own study also found out that some parents do not desire their children and wards to study Business education because they believe that it is meant for drop-outs or dullards. They rather prefer their children studying such courses like medicine, Law, Engineering, and so on. Most parents therefore employ all manner of inducements to motivate their children to study sciences, which will qualify them to read the prestige courses in the university, without considering the children’s interest and abilities. It is only the students who cannot excel in these courses that grudgingly turn to any other course, including Business education. Government also discourages the students from being interested in any other subjects other than Sciences, English and Mathematics. Emphasis has always been on science and technology. For instance, during the employment of teachers in 1999/2000, in Enugu State only teachers that read science subjects, including English and Mathematics were recruited. The graduates in other disciplines including Business education were rejected. This societal attitude towards Business education discourages most students from studying Business education and this leads to paucity of professional Business education teachers in the schools. As a result of this, many unqualified teachers are employed to teach business subjects such as Commerce, Office practice, Shorthand and typing (word processing) in the secondary schools. Off course, such teachers will only teach the aspect of business study they can teach leaving of the practical aspect of business study such as shorthand and typing( word processing). Ndinechi, Obayi and Igboke (2009) in Odike (2015) noted that in many instances untrained teachers are employed to teach business studies in the secondary schools, such teachers do not posses N.C.E. or first degree in Business education. They might have studied business courses in the higher institutions but lack pedagogy of teaching.
Ironically, most of the students who studied those preferred courses end up engaging in business enterprises after graduating from school or university, unprepared and ill-equipped. It is against this background that this paper is written to highlight the importance of Business education programme in equipping the recipients with both academic and technical skill needed for both salaried and self employment.
Objective of the study.
The main aim of this piece of work is to highlight the meaning, objectives and importance of Business education program and the extent it can equip its recipients for employment.
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myProject.ng (2021). Business education as a veritable tool for reducing unemployment. myProject.ng: retrieved July 26, 2021, from https://myproject.ng/business-education/business-education-as-a-veritable-tool-for-reducing-unemployment/index.html
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myProject.ng, . "Business education as a veritable tool for reducing unemployment" (2021). Accessed 26, July, 2021. https://myproject.ng/business-education/business-education-as-a-veritable-tool-for-reducing-unemployment/index.html .;
myProject.ng (2021), . Business education as a veritable tool for reducing unemployment [Online] myProject.ng (2021). Available at: https://myproject.ng/business-education/business-education-as-a-veritable-tool-for-reducing-unemployment/index.html . ( Accessed 26, July, 2021 ).
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