Project description

  • PROJECT TITLE: FISH PRODUCTION, MARKETING AND CONSUMPTION PATTERN A CASE STUDY OF REMO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE
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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1              BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The Nigerian fishing industry comprises of three major subsectors namely the artisanal; industrial and aquaculture. The awareness on the potential of aquaculture to contribute to domestic fish production has continued to increase in the country. This stems from the need to meet the much needed fish for domestic production and export. Fish species which are commonly cultured include Tilapia spp, Heterobranchus bodorsatis, Clarias gariepinus, Mugie spp, Chrysichthys cyprirus Carpio and Megalo spp (MOLFD 2007).

Fish culture is done in enclosure such as tanks. The aquaculture subsector contributes between 0.5% and 1% to Nigeria’s domestic fish production. The rapid increase in the demand for animal protein which is essentially higher in quality than plant protein). The average protein intake in Nigeria which is about 19.38/output/day is low and far below FAO requirement of 65g/output / day. The nutritional requirement is particular crucial in a developing country such as Nigeria where malnutrition and starvation are the major problems faced by million of rural dwellers. The low protein food in the diet of Nigerians. The consumption has been estimated to be 1.56267 metric tones Tabor (1990).

Although fishing started oven 40 years ago, aquaculture has not significantly contributed to domestic fish production. Equally estimated was the possible creation of 30000 jobs and generation of revenue of US & 160 million per annum by the aquaculture industry. Fish has been recognized to contribute 55% to the protein intake in Nigerian.

However, local fish production has been below consumption with import accounting for about US & 48.8m in 2002 (Central Bank of Nigeria 2004). Despite the increase in the major sources of animal protein such as livestock and poultry industries, the problem of protein deficiency still continue unabated. The protein deficiency in diet is equally associated with the ability of fish farming industry to supply the required quantity of fish. The situation causes poor health, low deficiency, low productivity and poor standard of living and decline in the required quantity of fish and contribution of fishery industry’s (Adewuyi et. al., (2003).

It is therefore becomes necessary to examine the profitability of fish farming in the study area for possible improvement. The development of the fish industry will increase local production of fish and save much of the foreign exchange being used for fish importation.

Specifically, it has a special role of ensuring food security alleviating poverty and provision of animal protein (Olopade and Olaokun 2005).

1.2              STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Recent developments in Nigeria especially in the last two decades, shared a sharp increase in the rate at which fish is consumed and likewise its production.

Various academic researchers have been conducted to examine who and what are responsible for this. Some researchers show that it is because of the quality and quantity of nutrients  obtain from fish,  others were of the opinion that it was because of the huge profit that is attached with fish production business. Therefore, during the course of research, fish production, marketing and consumption pattern in Remo North Local Government Area of Ogun State shall be evaluated.

1.3              PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the importance of fish production, marketing value of fish production and the consumption of fish in Remo North Local Government Area  of Ogun State.

In this study, the research will find out whether there is relationship between the rate of fish production to the rate of consumption of fish.

The study also intends to identify the marketing value of fish production and to bridge the gap resulting from our having improper distribution of fish produced.

Finally it will also serve as a reminder to private individual and government to focus there attention on fish farming.

1.4              RESEARCH QUESTION

i.                    What types of fish is produced, marketed and consumed in Remo North Local Government are of Ogun State?

ii.                  What are the main purpose of keeping fish in the study?

iii.                What are the marketing challenges facing fish production in the study?

iv.                How does fish consumption relate with fish production in this study?

1.5              RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

From the problems stated above the following null hypothesis will be tested

H0:       There is no significant differences between the type of fish produced and method of rearing fish in Remo North Local Government Area of Ogun State

H0:       There is significant difference between the purpose of fish rearing in the area of the           study.

H1:       There is no significant difference between the marketing strategy and challenges    facing fish production in the area of study.

H0:       There is no significant difference between fish consumption rate and the rate of fish          production in this area.

1.6              SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study of the importance of fish production, marketing and consumption in Remo North Local Government Area of Ogun State is significance not only to agriculture but to everybody in that:

i.                    It will enable proper circulation of fish product

ii.                  It will be a useful guide to upcoming fish farmer to choose appropriate strategies in  fish farming

iii.                It help to provide with quality nutrient food (protein)

iv.                Finally, a good knowledge strategy for  educating young farmers

1.7              DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This project is determined to the Remo North Local Government in Ogun State. It involves making findings on fish production, marketing and consumption protein.

1.8              DEFINITION OF TERMS

i.                    Fish production: Raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosure, usually for food

ii.                  Fish marketing: The marketing and sale of fish product

iii.                Fish consumption: eating of fish by  people

iv.                Lotic water: Living in actively moving water (river)

v.                  Lentic water: Living in still waters (aslake or ponds)

vi.                Capture fishery: A method of getting or keeping fish by hunting

vii.              Culture fishery: A method of getting or keeping fish by rearing

viii.            Creek: A national stream of water smaller than a river

ix.                Marine: It is a division of an ocean or a large body of salt water partially enclosed by land

x.                  Trawler: A fisherman who use a trawl net; a fishing boat that uses a trawl net or dragnet to catch fish.

xi.                Oceanography: The branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans


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